Is there any space for determinism in the universe?
Determinists hold the view that the universe is fully governed by causal laws
resulting in only one possible state at any point in time.
In post 6 (“C=T/M x E/S”) the causal relations between the variable dimensions mass, time, energy and space are described. In space-time continuously a process is going on, everywhere and in each direction, of changes in mass, energy, space and time and the ratios between them, causing them to change again etc. Whatever these changes may be and whatever proportions these variables may bear to one another, the result must always be the same, C. This is an inescapable property of the world to which the four variable dimensions are fully subjected. The values of each variable cannot be 0 or infinite, because that is incompatible with C. Hence it is impossible for singularities to exist and for the universe not to be finite. Because space is finite and C is continuous, space-time is both finite and unbounded. Consequently the universe has no beginning and no ending, it is eternal.
A finite and unbounded universe as the only one possible state of the universe at any point in time, is it evidence of the rightness of the deterministic view? If right, it means that it is perfectly predictable how the evolution of the universe takes place.
At first sight this indeed seems to be the case.
As explained in post 3 (“No dice in space-time”) any event, originating in a particular point at a particular moment, will unfold histories from that point and that moment on into each and every direction. Moreover events will develop faster into directions where the course of time is relative fast and slower into directions where the course of time is relative slow. Therefore histories of events in space-time are predictable to a certain extent. Furthermore the earlier mentioned four variable dimensions mass, energy, space and time are not independent, because any change of one dimension produces changes in the other dimensions etc., under the constraint of C.
C however cannot be determined as explained in post 13 (“Past the end of the nose”). At best we can find c for C by measuring the speed of light. In doing so we have to take into account that gravitation continuously changes the speed of light (see post 12 “The inconstancy of the speed of light”). Consequently, on second thoughts, there is no space for determinism in the universe.
To be continued.