The cosmological constant revised

Because gravitational waves do not exist (post 2 “Gravitational waves do not exist”) it stands to reason that gravitons, virtual or real, do not exist either.

According to Heisenberg’s principle of uncertainty there are uncertainty relations between the values of pairs of conjugate variables like position and momentum as well as energy and time. This means that for these pairs of variables both values cannot be determined precisely at the same time. The conjugation of energy and time for instance is the theoretical basis for the existence of virtual particles which in itself are the basis for the quantum physical supposition that even vacuum still holds energy (the cosmological constant). In quantum physics the cosmological constant is essential in explanation of the accelerating expansion of the universe.

Gravitation, consequence of a continuous relation between mass and time, has the same effect as an acceleration or slowing-down (post 9 “Time and energy”). The equation C=T/M (post 8 “Quantum physics unsettled”) implies that both time and mass cannot have values 0 or ∞, because such values are incompatible with C. Rays of light are subject to time also because they possess a certain quantity of energy and are subject therefore to “deflection” by gravitation. A pulse of light can be conceived as the ratio between its energy and its speed: E/C. C=T/M can also be written as C=E/T or T=E/C (because E=MC²). A lightpulse’s time therefore is dependent on the energy of the lightpulse in proportion to its speed. This means that if the value of E or T is known, the value of T or E must be known also, given the steady value of C. Consequently, as far as light is concerned, there is no uncertainty relation between energy and time.

A pulse of light (post 5 “E = MCC. C is a constant and C is a continuity”) emitted at a particular point at a particular moment will spread out as time goes by from that point and from that moment on as a sphere of light whose size and position are fully independent of the lightsource’s speed. Consequently, as far as light is concerned, there is no uncertainty relation between position and momentum either. All in all it stands to reason that some quantities of energy must be in existence anywhere at all times. We really don’t need uncertainty relations for that, in support of the existence of virtual particles, serving as basis for a special cosmological constant in explanation of the accelerating expansion of the universe. As explained in post 7 (“C = T/M x E/S”), taking into account the cosmological constant and continuity C, the accelerating expansion of space is feasible in combination with time-acceleration, decreasing mass and increasing energy.

To be continued.