“Particles accelerate without a push” (MIT news, January 20, 2015). An explanation (27)

Particles accelerate without a push: this phenomenon is a perfect example of an endogenous process. I have laid the theoretical foundation for such a process in various earlier posts as will be explained below.

First question: what is the essence of why particles apparently spontaneously accelerate without a push?
Answer: endo-inertia (see post 23). This property does not mean that a particle is accelerating without a cause, “force/energy”, but that the cause, “force/energy” is for free.

Second question: what is the free driving “force” that makes particles accelerate ?
Answer: time (see post 15). The underlying basic reason is the difference between endogenous and exogenous processes. This difference implies that the acceleration of a body by gravitation is not equivalent to the acceleration of a body by pseudo-gravitation or the push of a rocket or an elevator. Gravitation, acceleration and inertia are only equivalent to each other if they share the same driver. They are endogenously equivalent if this driving “force” is time (see also posts 3, 6, 12, 13, 19, 21, 24, 25 and 26).

I think it is time the Physics Community starts taking account of the difference between endogenous and exogenous processes and its corresponding consequences.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

The wrong tracks of physics and string theories (26)

In his book “A Brief History of Time” Stephen Hawking describes how in Euclidean space-time there is no difference between the directions of time and the directions of space.

The theoretical consequences of this mathematical concept imply that freedom of travel of light and for the transmission of energy or information applies to all directions in space-time. Any event therefore, originating in a particular point at a particular moment, will unfold histories from that point and from that moment on into each and every direction.

However, the concepts of gravitational fields, electromagnetic fields, quantum/Higgs fields and strings incorporated in space-times with 10, 11 or 26 dimensions imply limitations to the freedom of travel of light and for the transmission of energy or information in space-time.
The question is whether these limitations are justified by each or any combination of these diverse concepts.
As explained in various previous posts, the limitations in question seem to be unjustified for reasons of several incompatibilities with the current views:

1. When one turns on a light, the speed of light does not emerge, it is already present;
2. The speed of light is not constant;
3. Einstein’s Equivalence Principle does not take account of the difference between
endogenous and exogenous processes;
4. A singularity (a real Black Hole) is an impossibility;
5. A state of 0-entropy is an impossibility;
6. The consequences of the equality-inequality of gravitation and electromagnetic interaction.

My views on these subjects imply that there is no difference in space-time between the directions of time and the directions of space and that this equality of the directions of time and the directions of space is a fundamental property of the world.

It is for this basic reason that I think that physics and string theories are on wrong tracks.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

“Black Hole in center of Milky Way may be a neutrino factory” (NASA). Why not? An explanation of the possible emission and nature of the neutrinos in question (25)

In my previous post 24 I have described the consequences of the endogenous process of the behavior of electrons in an atom that is being absorbed by a Black Hole.
In this post I am dealing with the possible consequence of this process in cases whereby the “struggle” between the increasing gravitational influence and the increasing counterforce of electromagnetic interaction are reaching a certain limit.

At a certain point in time (see also post21) an electron in the lowest orbit has lost almost all of its mass and energy and is revolving around the nucleus at very high speed. As suggested in post 21 the electron while losing almost all of its mass and energy is losing its charge at the same time. I suggest the possibility that the electron, once its speed has become too extreme, it escapes from the atom out of its orbit and is fully subjected then to the gravitational influence of the Black Hole. This means that if the electron, already highly “slimmed down”, happens to be outward bound to the outside of the Black Hole, it is subjected to further time-acceleration and further loss of mass at a still further increasing speed (see also posts 12, 16, 19 and 20).

So my suggestion is that neutrinos endogenously emitted by Black Holes are very “skinny” ex-electrons. The electrons have lost their electromagnetic properties. This loss of information is forever, because of the irreversibility of the abovementioned process. There is no information paradox.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Consequences of the equality-inequality of gravitation and electromagnetic interaction in a mutual process (24)

Following my posts 21 and 23, consequences of the equality-inequality of gravitation and electromagnetic interaction in a mutual process are dealt with as follows.

What happens inside an atom if it is subjected to a steady increase of gravitational influence, for instance when it is being absorbed by a Black Hole?
The increasing gravitational time-delay reinforces the tendency of the electrons in the higher orbits to go nearer to the nucleus by increasing their energies/masses, whereas this growing gravitational effect increasingly opposes the tendency of the electrons in the lower orbits to get away from the nucleus.
In this process the circumference of the atom, the free space within the atom and the free space between the electrons decrease. As the higher orbits become less high, the electromagnetic interaction force makes the electrons in question lose energy/mass, mitigating the effect of the gravitational time-delay. As the lower orbits become lower, the electromagnetic interaction force also makes the electrons in question lose energy/mass, mitigating the effect of the gravitational time-delay.

All in all in this process the electromagnetic interaction force increasingly counteracts the increasing gravitational influence. As the electromagnetic interaction force is vastly stronger than gravitation I suggest the possibility that electrons, revolving around a nucleus, cannot be forced into htat nucleus. By the same token a singularity and a state of 0-entropy are impossibilities (see also post 20 and post 19).

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Exo-inertia and endo-inertia (23)

In earlier posts I have explained the difference between exogenous and endogenous processes and why the equivalence principle only  holds if and when gravitation (endogenous), acceleration and inertia share the same endogenous driver .

Consequently we have  to make a distinction between inertia as the tendency to maintain momentum (exogenous) and inertia as the tendency to maintain mass (endogenous, see  for instance post 17). Therefore I make the distinction between exo-inertia and endo-inertia.

Endo-inertia, how does it work, what are its properties, its relations to gravitation and acceleration?

As explained in post 21, the tendency of an electron to go nearer to the nucleus  gets stronger the greater the distance  from  it, its mass increases,  time delays. In lower orbits the opposite happens, a stronger tendency to get away from the nucleus through mass decrease and time-acceleration. As suggesred there is no change of momentum.

In this article I suggest the possibility that electromagnetic interaction is in essence endo-inertia, the tendency to maintain mass (no change of momentum, in contrast with exo-inertia, the tendency to maintain momentum without change of mass). 
Gravitation (consequence of a continuous relation between mass and time), time-driven (de)-acceleration and emdo-inertia are equivalent (see posts 9 and 15).

Why is the electromagnetic interaction force vastly stronger than gravitation? In electromagnetic interaction processes changes of mass and energy are directly proportional to each other, they are working together, reinforcing each other. In gravitational processes changes of mass and energy are inversely proportional to each other, they are counteracting.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

The problems in physics (22)

Particles, quanta or quantasy?

No basis for quanta

In posts 1 – 12 and 17 I have explained why quanta need not exist, why there is no basis for their existence.
There are two main arguments:
1. The way light behaves under the influence of gravitation shows that the amount of energy that can be emitted or absorbed by a body is finite because of the self-regulating mechanism of the continuous relation between the body’s mass and time;
2. The difference between endogenous and exogenous processes.

The relativity of the General Theory of Relativity

Speed of light not constant in vacuum

In post 12 I have explained why the speed of light varies with position under the influence of gravitation.

Space-time curvature delusion

In posts 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8 and 21 I have enunciated the idea that gravitation is not the consequence of space-time being curved by the division of mass and energy in it (always resulting in a force of attraction) but the consequence of a continuous relation between mass and time (resulting in a force of attraction or repulsion). When one turns on a light, the speed of light does not emerge, it is already present.

Equivalence Principle updated

In posts 9 and 15 Einstein’s Equivalence Principle has been updated in consistency with the difference between endogenous and exogenous processes.

Introduction of Time Uncertainty Principle

In posts 16 and 18 I have introduced the Time Uncertainty Principle which means that it is impossible to measure time/distance relations with absolute certainty. This intrinsic uncertainty of time is an inescapable property of the world. Consequently, in combination with the speed of light being variant, cosmological measurements as to the age of universe, the total mass of the universe etc. are incorrect.

Big Bang Theory out of date

In posts 6, 14, 18 and 20 I have explained why it is impossible for singularities to exist and why the universe is both finite and unbounded. Consequently the universe has no beginning and no ending, it is eternal.

Conclusion

It seems to me that the best way to solve the problems in physics is to go back to basics.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Comparing gravitation with electromagnetic interaction (21)

Coulomb’s law states that the force of attraction or repulsion between two point charges is directly proportional to the product of magnitude of each charge and indirectly proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Newton’s law of gravitation states that the force of attraction between two point masses is directly proportional to the product of magnitude of each mass and indirectly proportional to the square of the distance between them.

As explained in post 6 (C=T/M x E/S) the process of the earth getting closer to the sun all the time can be considered a process of mass and time increase and energy and space decrease, whereas the process of the moon accelerating away from the earth can be regarded as mass and time decrease and energy and space increase.

In this article I compare processes like the earth orbiting the sun and the moon orbiting the earth under the influence of gravitation (postulated by me as a force of attraction or repulsion as consequence of a continuous relation between mass and time – see posts 1, 2, 12 and 15 -) in the same way, without violating the constraint of C, with the processes of electrons orbiting a nucleus under the influence of electromagnetic interaction. I hereby suggest that there is no change of momentum (see post 9).

When an electron goes into a lower orbit it (the system of this electron and the nucleus) loses energy. Its charge decreases and so does its mass (the charge-to-mass ratio is a constant). In this process there is energy and space decrease as well as mass and time decrease. The increase of the force of attraction between the nucleus and the electron in the lower orbit is compensated by the decrease of the electron’s charge.

When an electron goes into a higher orbit it absorbs energy. Its charge increases and so does its mass. In this process there is energy and space increase as well as mass and time increase. The decrease of the force of attraction between the nucleus and the electron in the higher orbit is compensated by the increase of the electron’s charge.

Comparing these processes with gravitational processes we see that the lower the orbit, the faster the course of time and the higher the orbit, the slower the process of time.
Consequently the force of repulsion from time acceleration also compensates the increase of the force of attraction between the nucleus and the electron in the lower orbit, whereas the force of attraction from time delay also compensates the decrease of the force of attraction between the nucleus and the electron in the higher orbit.

How are electromagnetic interaction and gravitation (consequence of a continuous relation between mass and time) related?
I suggest the possibility that they are in fact two of a kind.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment